Lesson 17: ¿Pedimos una pizza?

Lesson 17

¿Pedimos una pizza?

Grámatica: Futuro –ar, -er, -ir – Verbos Regulares

Vocabulario: Números Ordenales (1-30)

Diálogo: ¿Pedimos una pizza?

Ejercicios

Something about Spain and a Little Tip!

Key

 

GRÁMATICA

FUTURO –AR, -ER, -IR

Verbos Regulares

AMAR

Amar-é

Amar-ás

Amar-á

Amar-emos

Amar-éis

Amar-án

VENDER

Vender-é

Vender-ás

Vender-á

Vender-emos

Vender-éis

Vender-án

DORMIR

Dormir-é

Dormir-ás

Dormir-á

Dormir-emos

Dormir-éis

Dormir-án

As you can see, the terminations are always the same:

-          É

-          ÁS

-          Á

-          EMOS

-          ÉIS

-          ÁN

In lesson 19, we’re going to learn how to conjugate the irregular ones.

 

VOCABULARIO

NÚMEROS ORDENALES (1-30)

The números ordenales (ordinal numbers) define the position of objects which are placed in order.

1.º

primero-a

2.º

segundo-a

3.º

tercero-a

4.º

cuarto-a

5.º

quinto-a

6.º

sexto-a

7.º

séptimo-a

8.º

octavo-a

9.º

noveno-a

10.º

décimo-a

11.º

undécimo-a
decimoprimero-a

12.º

duodécimo-a
decimosegundo-a

13.º

tredécimo-a
décimo tercero-a

14.º

décimo cuarto-a

15.º

décimo quinto-a

16.º

décimo sexto-a

17.º

décimo séptimo-a

18.º

décimo octavo-a

19.º

décimo noveno-a
decimonono-a

20.º

vigésimo-a

21.º

vigésimo primero-a

22.º

vigésimo segundo-a

30.º

trigésimo-a

 

DIÁLOGO

¿Pedimos una pizza?

1. Sophie y Michelle están en su casa.

 

Michelle: 2. Sophie, tengo hambre. 3. ¿Pedimos una pizza?

Sophie: 4. Vale. ¿Qué tipo de pizza quieres?

Michelle: 5. Yo quisiera una Margherita, ¿y tú?

Sophie: 6. Yo también.

 

7. Sophie llama a la pizzería.

 

Pizzería: 8. Diga.

Sophie: 9. Buenas tardes, quisiera pedir dos pizzas Margherita.

Pizzería: 10. ¿Algo más?

Sophie: 11. No, nada más.

Pizzería: 12. Son 18 euros. 13. Dentro de 15 minutos van a estar listas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

EJERCICIOS (KEY AT THE END OF THE LESSON)

1. Traduce el diálogo

Respuestas exactas: …/26 (2 puntos por cada respuesta exacta)

2. Transforma las siguientes frases del Presente Indicativo al Futuro Indicativo

a)      Mañana voy a Madrid.

b)      El año que viene Lorena se casa con Raúl.

c)       La semana que viene empieza el curso de español.

d)      El 18 de enero me voy de viaje.

e)      El mes que viene Miguel y Simón van a una boda.

f)       Mi amiga se va a París en 2014.

Respuestas exactas: …/6

3. Elige el verbo correcto (Futuro Indicativo)

a)      ¿Quién … la puerta?

b)      Sofía … a la escuela mañana.

c)       ¿Cómo … a tu perro?

d)      Mi compañero de piso … a Japón.

e)      Yo … unas tapas.

f)       ¿(Tu) Qué … después?

g)      Paola … a su amiga.

h)      Leandro … biología.

llamar  abrir  estudiar  irse hacer  comer llamar  ir

Respuestas exactas: …/8

4. Escribe los números ordenales en letras

11

29

3

7

8

12

30

Respuestas exactas: …/7

 

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

Las ciudades más hermosas de España

España tiene muchos lugares interesantes. Algunas de las ciudades más hermosas son Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Granada y Valencia. Cada lugar tiene sus tradiciones, sus diferencias lingüísticas y sus características típicas. ¡Descúbrelas!

The most beautiful cities of Spain

Spain has got so many interesting places. Some of the most beautiful cities are Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Granada and Valencia. Every place has got its own traditions, its own language differences and its own typical features. Find them out!

Viajar low cost

Hoy en día es posible viajar de forma barata en Europa. Si quieres ir de un lugar a otro de España, vuela con aerolíneas low cost como Vueling, easyJet y Ryanair.

How to travel low cost

Nowadays, you can travel low cost en Europe. If you want to go from a Spanish city to another, fly with airlines such as Vueling, easyJet and Ryanair.

 

KEY

1. 1.Sophie and Michelle are at home./2. Sophie, I’m hungry./3.Shall we order pizza?/4. Ok. What kind of pizza would you like to eat?/5. I’d like a Margherita. What about you?/6. Me too./7. Sophie calls the pizzeria./8. Hello?/9. Good evening, I’d like to order two Margheritas./10. Anything else?/11. No, thanks./12. It’s 18 euros./13. They’re going to be ready in 15 minutes.

2. Mañana iré a Madrid./El año que viene Lorena se casará con Raúl./La semana que viene empezará el curso de español./El 18 de enero me iré de viaje./El mes que viene Miguel y Simón irán a una boda./Mi amiga se irá a París en 2014.

3. abrirá/irá/llamarás/se irá/comeré/harás/llamará/estudiará

4. undécimo/vigésimo noveno/tercero/séptimo/octavo/duodécimo/trigésimo

Respuestas correctas: …/47

Si tus respuestas exactas son 45/47, ¡muy bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 42/44, ¡bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 41, trata de entender lo que no quedó claro y ¡vuelve a intentar!

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Lesson 16: En el restaurante

Lesson 16

En el restaurante

You’re going to find…

Gramática: Futuro

Vocabulario: Números de 100 a 1000

Diálogo: En el restaurante

Ejercicios

Something about Spain and a Little Tip!

Key

 

GRÁMATICA

FUTURO

In Spanish, we use the future tense when:

-         We want to talk about something that “is going to happen”, something that has already been planned;

-         We make a prediction.

How do we form it? Next time, we’re going to learn how to conjugate it in –ar, -er- and –ir.

Another way to form it is through

IR + A + INFINITIVE VERB.

We’re going to understand it better in Lesson 18.

We can also use the Presente Indicativo if we want to talk about a future action (both planned and unplanned actions). So, if you still don’t know how to conjugate the Futuro, don’t worry!

VOCABULARIO

Números de 100 a 1000

100 Cien

200 Doscientos

300 Trescientos

400 Cuatrocientos

500 Quinientos

600 Seiscientos

700 Setecientos

800 Ochocientos

900 Novecientos

1000 Mil

DIÁLOGO

En el restaurante:

1. Alejandro, Sophie y Michelle están en un restaurante de tapas:

Camarero: 2. Buenas noches. ¿Están listos para pedir?

Alejandro: 3. Sí, yo quisiera una tapa de paella y una de tortilla.

Michelle: 4. Para mí también.

Sophie: 5. Para mí un plato de salmorejo.

Camarero: 6. ¿Y para beber?

Michelle: 7. Una botella de agua por favor.

EJERCICIOS

1. Traduce el diálogo.

Respuestas exactas: …/14 (2 puntos por cada respuesta exacta)

2. Escribe los siguientes números en letras: 

500

700

1000

100

400

900

300

200

Respuestas exactas: …/8

3. ¡Tienes un restaurante! Escribe un diálogo con un cliente (max 150 palabras)

4. Traduce las siguientes frases en español (Presente de Indicativo)

a) Tomorrow I’m going to meet my boss.

b) I will tell you tomorrow.

c) We’re going to get married next year.

d) They’re going to Italy next month.

e) I will do it in the morning.

f) We’re going to organize a meeting.

g) They will do it later.

h) I’m going to Buenos Aires next week.

i) I will go soon.

j) You’re going to watch a beautiful movie tonight.

Respuestas exactas: …/10

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

Platos típicos españoles

En España, tienes que probar la paella y la tortilla. Sin embargo, existen otros platos tradicionales como, por ejemplo, el salmorejo (típico de Andalucía), una sopa fría a base de tomates, ajo y panceta.

Spanish typical dishes

In Spain, you should taste paella and tortilla. Also, there are other traditional dishes, such as the salmorejo (Andalusia), a cold soup which is prepared with tomatoes, garlic and bacon.

¡Cocina!

Busca recetas españolas (¡en español!) por internet e intenta cocinar algo para sorprender a tu familia y a tus amigos. Puedes aprender a cocinar y, al mismo tiempo, mejorar tus conocimientos lingüísticos.

Salmorejo

Cook!

Look for Spanish recipes (in Spanish!) on-line and cook something in order to surprise your family and friends. You can learn to cook and, at the same time, improve your language skills. 

 

KEY

1. 1. Alejandro, Sophie and Michelle are in a tapas restaurant. 2. Good evening. Can I take your order? 3 Yes, I’d like one tapa de paella and one tapa de tortilla. 4. Me too. 5. I’d like a dish of salmorejo. 6. Anything to drink? 7.  A bottle of water, please.

2.Quinientos/Setecientos/Mil/Cien/Cuatrocientos/Novecientos/Trescientos/Doscientos

4.Mañana veo a mi jefe./Mañana te cuento./Nos casamos el año que viene./Se van a Italia el mes que viene./Lo hago por la mañana./Organizamos un encuentro./Después lo hacen./La semana que viene voy a Buenos Aires./Voy temprano./Esta noche miras una película hermosa.

Respuestas exactas: …/32

Si tus respuestas exactas son 30/32, ¡muy bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 28/30, trata de entender lo que no queda claro y vuelve a intentar.

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 28, ¡vuelve a intentar!

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Lesson 15: En los hoteles

Lesson 15: En los hoteles

You’re going to find…

GRAMMAR: Pretérito Indefinido. First irregular group of verbs

VOCABULARY: Hoteles

READING COMPREHENSION

EJERCICIOS

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

KEY

 

GRAMMAR: Pretérito Indefinido. First irregular group of verbs

Verbs which change a vowel (only third singular person and third plural person):

PEDIR (e–>i)

Yo pedí

Tú pediste

Él/Ella/Usted pidió

Nosotros/as pedimos

Vosotros/as pedisteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes pidieron

DORMIR (o–>u)

Yo dormí

Tú dormiste

Él/Ella/Usted durmió

Nosotros/as dormimos

Vosotros/as dormisteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes durmieron

LEER (i–>y)

Yo leí

Tú leíste

Él/Ella/Usted leyó

Nosotros/as leímos

Vosotros/as leísteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes leyeron

 

VOCABULARY: Hoteles

En un hotel:

 

 

 

 

 

Habitación individual

 

 

 

 

 

Habitación doble

 

 

 

 

Salón de congresos

 

 

 

 

 

Gimnasio

 

 

 

 

 

Pileta

 

 

 

 

 

Garaje

 

 

 

 

 

Restaurante

 

 

 

 

 

Formas de pago

Expressions you will need:

RESERVAR: To book

TENER HABITACIONES DISPONIBLES: To have available rooms

PENSIÓN COMPLETA: Full board

TEMPORADA ALTA: High season

ACEPTAR CARTAS DE CRÉDITO: To accept credit cards

 

READING COMPREHENSION

Alejandro, Luke y Sophie están de vacaciones en Sevilla. Su hotel está cerca de la Giralda. Cada uno de ellos paga 50 euros por noche. El hotel tiene 12 habitaciones. Cada habitación tiene Wifi, aire acondicionado, dos calefactores, televisión, mini-bar, despertador, cuarto de baño y secador.

EJERCICIOS

1. Questions about the text

a. ¿Dónde está el hotel?

b. ¿Cuánto paga Alejandro por noche?

c. ¿Cuántas habitaciones tiene el hotel?

d. ¿Las habitaciones tienen baño?

e. ¿Cuántas habitaciones tienen secador?

Respuestas exactas: …/10 (2 puntos por cada respuesta exacta)

2. Irregular verbs. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences

a. Eleonora pedió un café.

b. Miguel y Lucas leeron todo el libro.

c. Ayer yo durmí mucho.

d. Quiero pidir algo para comer.

e. No podemos durmir.

f. ¿Leyste mi carta?

Respuestas exactas: …/6

3. Write a short description about a hotel (less than 50 words)

 

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

¿Dónde quedarse en España?

Si te quedas en España por poco tiempo, reserva una habitación en un hotel. Si no quieres gastar tanto, elige un hostal: algunos tienen habitaciones individuales o dobles. Si te quedas por más tiempo, alquila un departamento o una habitación en un departamento compartido.

En un hotel

Si estás de vacaciones en España y te quedas en un hotel, habla con todos en español: ¡no preguntes a la gente que te rodea si habla inglés!

 

KEY

1. a. Cerca de la Giralda. b. 50 euros. c. 12. d. Sí. e. Todas

2. pidió/leyeron/dormí/pedir/dormir/leíste

Respuestas exactas: …/16

Si tus respuestas exactas son 15/16, ¡muy bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 12/14, ¡bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 11, ¡vuelve a intentar!

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Lesson 14: ¿Tomamos un café?

Lesson 14: ¿Tomamos un café?

You’re going to find…

GRAMMAR: Pretérito Indefinido. The regular verbs

VOCABULARY: Pedir algo en un bar

DIALOGUE: ¿Tomamos un café?

EJERCICIOS

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

KEY

 

GRAMMAR

PRETÉRITO INDEFINIDO. THE REGULAR VERBS

How do we conjugate the regular verbs?

-AR VERBS

AM-AR

Yo am-é

Tú am-aste

Él/Ella/Usted am-ó

Nosotros/as am-amos

Vosotros/as am-asteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes am-aron

-ER VERBS

COM-ER

Yo com-í

Tú com-iste

Él/Ella/Usted com-

Nosotros/as com-imos

Vosotros/as com-isteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes com-ieron

-IR VERBS

VIV-IR

Yo viv-í

Tú viv-iste

Él/Ella/Usted viv-

Nosotros/as viv-imos

Vosotros/as viv-ísteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes viv-ieron

 

VOCABULARY: Pedir algo en un bar

A: ¿Quieres algo para comer o para beber?

B: Me gustaría…

Un zumo/jugo de naranja

 

 

 

 

Un croissant

 

 

 

 

 

Un café

 

 

 

 

 

Un vaso de agua

 

 

 

 

 

 

Una tostada con mermelada

 

 

 

 

 

 

Una taza de té

 

 

 

 

 

Una taza de chocolate caliente

 

 

 

 

 

DIALOGUE: ¿Tomamos un café?

Michelle: 1. Chicos, ¿quieren algo para beber o comer?

Alejandro: 2. Sí, a mí me gustaría beber una Coca Cola y comer un bocadillo de jamón y queso.

Sophie: 3. Yo quiero beber un café.

Entran en un bar…

Michelle: 4. ¡Hola! Una Coca Cola, un café, un bocadillo de jamón y queso y un zumo de naranja, por favor.

EJERCICIOS (Key at the end of the lesson)

1. Translate the dialogue. 

Respuestas exactas: …/8 (2 puntos por cada respuesta exacta)

2. Conjugate the following verbs in the pretérito indefinido tense. 

a. Comer

b. Caminar

c. Ser

d. Tener

e. Salir

3. Choose the right verb. 

a. Anoche (yo) … pescado y ensalada.

b. Ayer Helena … muchas cosas que hacer.

c. Nosotros … de mi casa a las 8.

d. Ellos se … mucho.

e. Vosotros … por muchas horas.

f. (Tú) … el culpable.

salir, ser, caminar, comer, amar, tener

Respuestas exactas: …/6

4. Luke está en la cafetería de la universidad. ¿Qué está comiendo y bebiendo?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luke está…

Respuestas exactas: …/3

 

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

¿Qué pedir en los bares españoles?

En los bares españoles, se puede desayunar o merendar comiendo tostadas con mermelada o jamón o churros y bebiendo té, zumo o café. El café se puede pedir solo o con leche. Muchos bares también preparan tapas para el almuerzo y para la cena.

¡Un bar en tu casa!

Práctica en casa con tus amigos las frases que se utilizan para pedir en los bares preparando café o bocadillos: ¡va a ser divertido!

 

KEY

1. 1. Guys, would you like anything to eat or to drink? 2. Yes, I’d like to drink a Coke and to eat a ham and cheese sandwich. 3. I want to drink a coffee. 4. Hi! A Coke, a cup of coffee, a ham and cheese sandwich and an orange juice, please.

2. comí, tuvo, salimos, amaron, caminasteis, fuiste

3. Luke está comiendo un bocadillo. Luke está bebiendo un zumo de naranja. Luke está comiendo un yogur.

Respuestas exactas: …/17

Si tus respuestas exactas son 16/17, ¡excelente!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 15/16, ¡bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 14, vuelve a leer la clase y ¡vuelve a intentar!

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Best Spanish Festivals

Spain is famous for its festivals. Whatever time of the year you visit, there would be some or the other festival going around in Spain. The Spanish festivals resemble Spain rich culture and traditions. The good time always carve around the country may it be the dancing, food-festivals, or a patron day. Here is the guide to the festivals celebrated in Spain round the year.

  • La Tomatina Festival: The very popular tomato fight is celebrated on the last Wednesday of August in Bunol town, Spain. It is recognized as the “world’s biggest food-fight” where more than 30,000 people participate and throw more than 40 metric tons of tomatoes. The festival starts at 10 AM, at this time you will see people dancing and being showered with the water from hoses. To start the tomato fight, it is required that someone should climb the greased pole and drop the ham on top. Once this happens, a signal is given when trucks loaded with tomatoes throw in the Plaza del Pueblo. The crowd then becomes crazy and starts throwing tomatoes at each other. The fight continues for an hour. The tomatoes used in this festival are of low grade and inexpensive.
  • San Fermin: Recognized as the most dangerous festival of the Spain held in Pamplona. It is a world renowned festival and is attended by over 1,000,000 people. It is held in the honor of Saint Fermin. The festival starts from noon July 6th to midnight July 14th. The first day is marked as opening ceremony where rockets are exploded and people enjoy the fiesta start. The period from July 7th till July 14th includes the daily task of “running of the bulls”. In this activity people run in front of six bulls in the narrow street of Pamplona. The event concludes on midnight July 14th with the candle light march by the people.
  • The San Sebastian Drum Festival: The festival is celebrated on the first day of the year. It is one of the New Year celebrations held in Basque town. On this day, the drummers march around the city on deafening beats of the drums. The Child Drummer’s ceremony is celebrated the very next morning.
  • La Endiablada: It is religious festival celebrated in Almonacid de Marquesado, Spain. It is held in the month of February. The young boys dressed up as devils wearing colorful pants, jackets, colorful hats, and tie cowbells around their waist. These boys run and dance in the street and inside the church on the music of cowbells.
  • Fiesta de Verano: Celebrated in the month of August in Malaga, this festival starts with spectacular fireworks. The festival is celebrated in the streets of Malaga in which people wear traditional costumes and dance and eat ham, cheese, and fish with red wine.
  • Haro wine Festival: This “Wine Battle” takes place in the summer in city of Haro. People on this day wear white shirts and carry jugs and bottles filled with red wine.
  • Seville Fair: This fair is held in Seville, Spain. The fair is celebrated for one week, starting from Monday and ending on Sunday. The fair is accompanied with huge stalls and tents all over the ground.
  • All Saints Day: This celebration takes place on the November, 1st in Cadiz accompanied by lots of eating, drinking, and dancing. The people dress up traditionally.

Spain has a lot to offer with so many enthusiastic festivals. Whenever you are in Spain do plan your visit to have fun in these festivals. Enjoy the rich culture of Spain Festivals.

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Lesson 13: ¡Me voy de viaje!

Lesson 13: ¡Me voy de viaje!

You’re going to find…

GRAMMAR: Préterito Indefinido de SER y de TENER

VOCABULARY: Los medios de transporte

DIÁLOGO: ¡Me voy de viaje!

EJERCICIOS

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

KEY

 

GRAMMAR

PRÉTERITO INDEFINIDO DE SER Y DE TENER

The conjugation of the préterito indefinido tense is a little bit difficult but don’t worry! We’re going to learn how to do it easily. In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to conjugate two important and irregular verbs: ser and tener. Ready?

SER

Yo fui

fuiste

Él/Ella/Usted fue

Nosotros/as fuimos

Vosotros/as fuisteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes fueron

TENER

Yo tuve

tuviste

Él/Ella/Usted tuvo

Nosotros/as tuvimos

Vosotros/as tuvisteis

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes tuvieron

 

VOCABULARY: MEDIOS DE TRANSPORTE (Means of transport)

Coche/Automóvil/Auto

 

 

 

 

 

Avión

 

 

 

 

 

Tren

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bus/Micro

 

 

 

 

 

Barco

 

 

 

 

 

Transbordador/Ferry

 

 

 

 

Moto

 

 

 

 

 

Bicicleta

 

 

 

 

 

 

We use the preposition en with the means of transport: en coche (by car), en avión (by plane), etc.

How do we say “to take the train”, “to take the plane”, etc.?

We say coger el tren, coger el avión, etc.

The Spanish speakers from South America usually use tomar instead of coger; actually, in those countries the verb coger has got a sexual undercurrent.

 

DIÁLOGO: ¡Me voy de viaje!

Sophie: 1. Alejandro, la semana que viene nos vamos de viaje a Sevilla. 2. ¿Quieres ir con nosotros?

Alejandro: 3. Vale. ¿Vamos en tren?

Sophie: 4. Sí. Salimos de la estación de Atocha a las 4 de la tarde.

EJERCICIOS (Key at the end of the lesson)

1. Translate the dialogue

Respuestas exactas: …/8 (2 puntos por cada respuesta correcta)

2. Choose the right mean of transport

a. El … sale del aeropuerto de Madrid.

b. Fuimos a Sevilla en …

c. Alicia viaja siempre en …

d. Nosotros estamos en el …

e. El … se está hundiendo.

Respuestas exactas: …/5

3. Something is missing in the following text. Fix it!

Me gusta viajar avión pero no gusta viajar en tren. El avión es divertido y tren es muy aburrido. Además, muchos trenes sucios. Me gustan mucho aeropuertos y los puertos por sus atmósferas. En cambio, las estaciones trenes no gustan.

Respuestas exactas: …/7

 

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND A LITTLE TIP!

Los medios de transporte de Madrid

Madrid tiene una buena red (network) de transporte público. Su metropolitana y sus líneas de bus funcionan muy bien y te dan la posibilidad de viajar rápidamente (quickly) por la ciudad y de llegar de manera cómoda al aeropuerto de Barajas y a la estación de trenes de Atocha.

¡Organiza un viaje!

Si sueñas con visitar España, entra en la página de la principal compañía de aviones española, Iberia, y organiza los viajes que te gustaría hacer. Escribe una lista de las ciudades que quieres ver y de los horarios de salida (departure) de los aviones. De esa manera, puedes practicar tus conocimientos del idioma y, al mismo tiempo, ¡soñar!

 

KEY

1. 1. Alejandro, we’re going to Sevilla next week. 2. Would you like to go with us? 3. Ok. Are we travelling by train? 4. Yes, we are. We’re going to leave from Atocha Station at 4 pm.

2. avión, tren, coche, tren, barco

3. en, me, el, están, los, de, me

Respuestas exactas: …/20

Si tus respuestas exactas son 18/20, ¡muy bien!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 16/18, no está mal: ¡la próxima vez te va a ir mejor!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 15, vuelve a leer la clase y vuelve a intentar. 

 

 

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Lesson 12: ¿Haces algún deporte?

Lesson 12

¿Haces algún deporte?

You’re going to find…

Grammar: Pretérito Perfecto Simple (Usage)

Vocabulary: Deportes

Dialogue: ¿Haces algún deporte?

Ejercicios

Something about Spain and South America and a Little Tip!

Key

 

GRAMMAR

PRETÉRITO PERFECTO SIMPLE (USAGE)

How can we talk about the past in Spanish? Well, we have to learn how to conjugate the pretérito perfecto simple. We use it in order to:

-          Express COMPLETED ACTIONS that happened in the past.

-          Tell old stories.

We’re going to understand better its usage when we’re going to learn the pretérito perfecto compuesto. Anyway, in many countries, such as México or Argentina, people always use the pretérito perfecto simple, I mean, they use it when they need to express completed actions that happened in the past but they also use it instead of the pretérito perfecto compuesto.

 

VOCABULARY

DEPORTES

A: ¿Haces algún deporte? (Do you practice any sport?)

B: Sí, …

…juego al fútbol (I play football)

…juego a tenis (I play tennis)

…juego a vóleibol  (I play volleyball)

…juego a baloncesto (I play basketball)

…juego a béisbol (I play baseball)

…juego a balonmano (I play handball)

…juego a hockey sobre hielo/sobre hierba (I play ice hockey/field hockey)

…juego al polo acuático (I play water polo)

 

…hago artes marciales (I practice martial arts)

…nado (I swim)

…voy al gimnasio (I go to the gym)

…bailo (I dance)

…hago equitación (I practice horse riding)

…esquío (I ski)

 

Otros deportes:

Montañismo (mountaineering)

Escalada (climbing)

Atletismo (track and field athletics)

Automovilismo (auto racing)

Remo (rowing)

Ciclismo (cycling)

Carrera (jogging)

Golf

Gimnasia artística (artistic gymnastics)

Motociclismo (motorcycle sport)

Patinaje sobre ruedas/hielo (Roller stating/ice skating)

Boxeo (boxing)

Deportes acuáticos (water sports)

Tiro con arco (archery)

 

DIÁLOGO

  1. ¿Haces algún deporte?

Alejandro: 2. Luke, ¿tú haces algún deporte?

Luke: 3. Sí, hago kendo, un arte marcial japonés. 4. Y tú?

Alejandro? 5. Yo juego a baloncesto.

Luke: 6. ¡Mark también! 7. ¿Por qué no jugáis juntos?

 

EJERCICIOS (key at the end of the lesson)

1.      Translate the dialogue

Respuestas exactas: …/14 (2 points for every right answer)

2.     ¿Te gusta hacer deporte? Escribe un texto (menos de 100 palabras) contando de tu deporte favorito. 

3.     ¿Qué deporte están haciendo?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Respuestas exactas: …/6

 

SOMETHING ABOUT SPAIN AND SOUTH AMERICA AND A LITTLE TIP!

Deportes en España y en Latino América

Uno de los deportes más amado de España y de Latino América es el fútbol. En España, por ejemplo, dos de los equipos más famosos son el Real Madrid y el Barcelona. Los argentinos son otros apasionados de fútbol y, para ellos, ese deporte es casi una religión. Dos de los equipos más conocidos son el Boca Juniors y el River Plate. El baloncesto y los artes marciales son otros deportes muy practicados.

Olé y El Mundo Deportes

Para aprender las frases y las expresiones deportivas españolas utilizadas por los periodistas, lee las páginas web de www.ole.com.ar y de www.elmundo.es/elmundodeporte/. Si te gusta el deporte, descubrirás todas las noticias que te interesan y aprovecharás para ampliar tus conocimientos del idioma español.

Key

1. 1.Do you practice any sport?2.Luke, do you practice any sport?3.Yes, I practice kendo, a Japanese martial art.4.What about you?5.I play basketball.6.Mark, too!7.Why don’t you play together?

3. Escalada/Hockey sobre hierba/Esquí/Carrera/Taekwondo (arte marcial)/Vóleibol.

Respuestas exactas: …/20

Si tus respuestas exactas son 18/20, ¡felicitaciones!

Si tus respuestas exactas son 15/17, ¡venga, puedes hacerlo mejor!

Si tus respuestas exactas son menos de 14, vuelve a intentarlo: seguramente te va a ir mejor. 

 

 

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Madrid, the Intoxicating Cocktail of the Tradition and the Modern

The haunting beauty of the guitars, the whirling flamingo dancer, the raging bulls and the strutting matadors – the Spanish capital of Madrid is a unique blend of the old and the new. As you walk along the streets of this beautiful city, you are buffeted a contrast of the old world charm and the brashness of the modern.

The city has really a lot to offer to the tourist. But, once you have landed here, where do you start? Let’s take a quick look at the must visit places in Madrid.

Calle de Atocha

The Calle de Atocha is the main street of Madrid which runs from the Plaza Major in central Madrid to Pareodel Prado, the area where the Atocha train station is located and beyond. As you stroll along this busiest street of Madrid, it’s as if you have been suddenly transported into the Middle Ages. Your walk would also give you a view of the building which houses the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture. With its gorgeous white facade and the sculpture of the raring white horses looming over the Spanish skyline, this beautiful building is a breathtaking view.

The Royal Botanical Garden

If you wish to take a detour to the Garden of Eden, then don’t miss the Real Jardin Botanica or the Royal Botanical Garden in the Prado district of the city. Spread over almost 20 acres of land, this beauty is 250 years old and houses nearly 30,000 varieties of exotic flora from places as distant as South America, Japan, as well as European countries and many other places. Walking into the Royal Gardens is like suddenly being transported from a busy and modern city into a tropical paradise.

Prado Museum

After refreshing your minds with the soothing beauty of nature, it’s time to step into the world where this beauty is preserved in color by the master artists of the world. Yes, we have reached the Prado museum, one of the most visited tourist’s attractions of the world. The Museo Del Prado has one of the largest permanent collections in the world and is regarded as one of the most prestigious art museums around. Master pieces by the great Spanish, Italian and Flemish masters of both the past and the present adorn the walls of this museum. Rubens, Goya, Bosch and Velazquez are just some of the renowned painters whose works are exhibited here.

Retiro Park

Tired from walking around the Prado Museum? Well, go to the nearby Retiro Park to relax and soothe your aching limbs. You have the option of just lying beneath one of the trees that decorate this place or take a bicycle ride through its charming roads. Puppet shows, live music, sports, all these and more can be enjoyed here. You can even take a boat ride through the artificial lake on the northern side of the park, the Estanque Del Retiro. And don’t forget to visit the Palacio de Cristal, or the Crystal Palace on the banks of the lake. Modeled after the Crystal Palace in London, this beautiful monument used to house exotic plants in the past; but now it is used for exhibitions of a temporary nature.

The Clock Tower

To the southern side of the Peurta Del Sol, one of the busiest squares of Madrid, in the Ministry of Interior building is the large bell tower. Each New Year eve, residents of Madrid as well as millions of tourists from all over the world assemble in this square to welcome in the New Year. Well, if you turn back the pages of history, the basement of this magnificent building which at present is a major tourist attraction, would ring out with the agonized cries of the tortured human beings during the Fascist period.

The Royal Palace

A visit to Madrid is never complete without a look at the Royal Palace. The Palacio Real is one of the oldest and most impressive palaces in Europe. With more than 2,000 breathtaking and luxurious rooms, the royal palace was modeled on the Versailles Palace in Paris. Fifty of these are open to the public.

If you want to be taken back in times to the forgotten era of resplendent luxury Madrid is the place to go to.

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The Pearls of Barcelona

Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, is the second largest city in Spain, behind Madrid.  This city is thriving with life, dynamic religious structures, spirited culture, amazing cuisine and spectacular vistas.

This wonderful city offers an assortment of adventures which are sure to check off the WOW-factor sensations on your list!  

Tibidabo Hill

Tibidabo Hill offers magnificent and picturesque views over the city.  It’s not just a mountain or hill, but an experience.

On your way to Tibidabo Hill, stop by the amazing Science Museum of Barcelona.

You will be able to ride the funicular atop Mount Tibidabo where you’ll discover an amusement park for children, and Barcelona’s most well adorned landmark, Sagrada Cor, with its stunning murals.

There is also the Automata Museum, Collserola Tower, the Observatory Fabra, and the Church Choir of Sagra. 

Gothic Quarter

Barrio Gòtico is full of life with its carefree cafes and artistic bars.  There are several must-sees here.

Take a stroll through La Seu Cathedral.  The inside of the cathedral is quite striking but the gentle alleyways such as Plaça Sant Felip Neri , with its charming fountain, and Carrer del Bisbe, with its neo-gothic overpass, offer up a most enjoyable outdoor delight.

When taking in the Gothic Quarter, consider a walking tour which will unearth the backdoor of Barcelona, and its historic significance.

A very popular tourist attraction is Barrio Gòtico’s institution, the neo-Gothic Cerveseria, which dates back to the 1890s.  This bar is where some of Picasso’s first works of art were held. 

Plaça del Pi is one of Barcelona’s most attractive squares.  Take in the shops, or enjoy a meal off one of the café terraces.

You’ll experience amazing architecture, market stalls, gothic churches, and artists lulling on deck chairs, all within walking distance.

Museu d’Historia de La Ciutat is a great museum to visit as it is said that it is the place where Christopher Columbus made an appearance after returning from the new world.  Here, there are ancient Roman remains, very old relics and literature which map out the capital’s primitive history through the takeover by the Moors. 

Las Ramblas

Las Ramblas is considered Barcelona’s most celebrated street.  Take in the dynamic architecture, check out a show, marvel at the many street performers, enjoy a beer and take pleasure in the lively ambiance.

If you’re looking for a great place to eat, head over to the La Boqueria Market.  Choose from a variety of fresh fruit, or stroll to the back of the market where you’ll find excellent small restaurants with superb food and amazing tapas.

The street performers are a main attraction alone.  As you promenade through the streets, you’ll encounter many human-like sculptures.  The costumes are colorful and a bit bizarre, but entertaining nonetheless.

If you have time, take in a show at the Liceu.  Even though the performances carry an operatic tone, non-operatic performances are given throughout the year.

Placa Reial is a gorgeous plaza – a great place to enjoy your coffee and take in the unique architecture.

If you’re looking for a cool place to party, check out Sidecar, located in Placa Reial – great energy and a vibrant atmosphere.

The Magic Fountain of Montjuic

Yes, it’s just a water fountain, BUT… not just any water feature.  This awe-inspiring and stunning fountain astounds with its music and multicolored lights.

Jets of water delight as its mist jets in coordination with the music and lights.

In the evening, the lights dance to the rhythm of the music which plays an eclectic mix of melodies – everything from The Godfather, to Mozart – very cool, indeed.

The attention-grabbing visual effects make the entire experience memorable and jaw-dropping.

El Born

The La Palau de la Musica Catalana is a must-see.  This magnificent opera house is coated with vivid and multicolored mosaics.  The acoustics are astounding and the paintings and glass cupola are simply striking.

Picasso is Spain’s most famous painter and it is here, at the Picasso Museum, in El Born, where you can be in awe of his wonderful cubist paintings and early sketches.

Stroll through the medieval palaces on Carrer Montcada, which are where wealthy aristocracy dwelled during the medieval times.  These fine palaces are lined with remarkable architecture and history.

How about a cocktail?  In the evening, the streets of El Born are full of fashionable and good-looking people ready to party at any one of the stylish cocktail bars.  A good one to try is La Fianna.  It offers Happy Hour at two-for-one specials.

Chocolate lovers, you’ve got to check out El Born’s Chocolate Museum on Carrer Comerc, and for spa lovers, relax at Baños Arabes – an elegant 18th-century building looking out over Ciutadela Park.  Soothe your tired feet and melt away your energetic day within an Arabian bath-like setting.

There is so much to see and experience while in Barcelona and the places and attractions listed here are guaranteed to fill your picture story book with wonderful and rich memories.

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Top 5 Places to Visit While in Spain

Spain – a dynamic country, sure to breathe a breath of fresh air into any traveler’s wish for exciting adventures, great food and vibrant culture.  From running with the bulls in Madrid, to participating in the world’s largest tomato fight in Valencia, Spain is a playground filled with historic architecture, amazing cuisine and lively festivals.

While in Spain there is so much to take in.  To get the most out of your trip, include into your itinerary, cities and places that will allow you to sample and experience the best that Spain has to offer.

Madrid

Serving as the capital of Spain, Madrid, the country’s largest city is a multi-faceted metropolis that encompasses the finest in dining, entertainment, architecture and museums.

The city is admired for its 73 museums featuring the “Golden Triangle”, which is an assemblage of art museums, sure to excite and thrill any lover of art!

This assembly of museums include:  Museum Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, the Thyssen-Bornemisza and the legendary Prado.  This museums carries some of the most distinguished art in the world including:  Goya’s Naked Maja and Clothed Maja, Velázquez’s Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor), Bosch’s The Garden of Delights. 

Some of the amazing artists featured there are:  Fra Angelico, Raphael, El Greco, and Flemish artists such as: Van Dyck, Bosch and Rubens.

A visit to the Palacio Real (Royal Palace), Old Madrid, Retiro Park, the gardens, and the city’s incredible and world-famous plazas are all must-sees while in Madrid. 

Barcelona

The city is undoubtedly, the most popular destination in Spain.  Take a stroll down Las Ramblas, and incredibly popular street in Barcelona which covers the Gothic Quarter and the ‘barrios’ of La Ribera.

Along the stretch of Las Ramblas, you’ll experience vintage cafes and performances by the celebrated Las Ramblas Street Performers which perform throughout the main road.

Another great place is the underground Arabic grottos in El Born right next to Ciutadella Park.  There, you’ll experience Aire de Barcelona, a striking and gorgeous spa retreat.

Barcelona also boasts many wonderful plazas:

  • Plaça Sant Vicenç is well known for its café terraces and popular oyster bar
  • Plaça del Sol features a host of bars and restaurants
  • Plaça Sarrià is a very happening square which highlights Sardana dancing, with antique markets and books during the weekend
  • Other wonderful plazas include: Plaça Sant Vicenç, Plaça del Diamant, Plaça de Virreina, Plaça George Orwell, Plaça Reial and Plaça del Pi

Granada

This city is truly striking and is known as a vacation spot for locals.  There you will see dramatic and breath-taking views, beautiful weather during the summer, and free tapas with each beer you purchase!

The city is also home to the Moorish Alhambra.  There are two unique sections – The Fortress Complex and the Generalife Gardens.

Within the Fortress Complex:

  • Museo de Bellas Artes – Fine art museum
  • Nasrid Palace – The Palaces of  Mexuar (Moorish Palaces) and  Moorish architecture

Within the Generalife Gardens:

  • Gardens and orchards which encircle the villas

In addition, Granada offers some of the most superb flamenco performances in the region, and during the winter, the Sierra Nevada Mountains provide for some of the best winter sports.

Festivals

Spain features some of the best festivals in the world and no matter what time of year you’re visiting, you’re sure to encounter one of them, if not many!

  • Carnival Tenerife in   Tenerife, Canary         Islands  (February)     –          compared to    festivals          given in Rio de Janeiro
  • Las Fallas Festival in             Valencia (March         15th – 19th) – raucous party filled with         firework displays
  • Semana Santa in Seville & Malaga, Andalucia (on the week prior to Easter Sunday) – a religious type parade celebrating images of La Macarena , Jesús El Gran Poder, and Triana
  • Feria de Abril in Seville, Andalucia (April) – riders and their horses, tents, food, music and the traditional parade
  • Fiesta San Isidro in Madrid (May 2nd – 15th) – outdoor dances and bullfight festival
  • St. John’s Bonfires in Alicante, Costa Blanca (June 20th) – bon fires, entertainment, fireworks and parades
  • Sant Joan Festival in Menorca, Balearic Islands (June 23rd – 24th) – very vibrant event with riders and their horses as the main attraction
  • San Fermín Fiestas & running of the bulls in Pamplona – July 6th – 14th
  • La Tomatina, Tomato Fight Festival in Valencia (on the last Wednesday of August) – a big tomato fight
  • Castellers – La Mercè Festival in Barcelona (September 24th) – the local’s festival 

Ibiza

This city is the party mecca of Spain.  It’s all about long days on the beach and clubbing at night.

Warm, translucent, deep blue water, with gorgeous sea views and brilliant coastline, makes for a well-liked destination for divers.

A must-see in Ibiza is the Hippy Market where you’ll find East Asian silver jewelry, leather moccasins, colorful wraps and trinkets.

There are a number of lovely spas for detoxing, yoga, meditation and overall beauty indulgence.

The Can Marça Caves are absolutely astounding with its gold and yellow tones, and at the center is a fantastic Music & Light Show amid a 30 ft. waterfall of brilliant and sparkling water.

Check out Dalt Vila, a medieval romantic castle, and later, head to Ibiza’s bustling night life.

It’s a festive experience at night as you’ll encounter fetish shops, many gay bars, hippie-chic boutiques, all along the Calle de la virgin. 

If the “festive experience” is a bit too robust for you, head over to one of three diverse restaurant districts in Ibiza Town which offer fine dining at its best.

  • Dalt Vila (the old walled town) – historic with a romantic drawbridge which leads you to the plaza and restaurants
  • Sa Penya (the old fishermen’s quarter) – cobbled stone streets filled with restaurants and bars
  • The Portpositioned around the water’s edge, has upscale cafes, restaurants and bars along with an upscale price!  The Port marks the spot where club parades begin.
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